Scaling involves removing plaque and tartar from the surface of the teeth, along your gum line, and even below the gums in the periodontal pockets. Root planing is the process of smoothing out the roots of the teeth to prevent bacteria from collecting and causing further gum disease.
The goal of treatment is to improve your at-home oral hygiene routine, especially those at risk of developing gum disease. The dentist will discuss with you the best ways to brush your teeth, floss, and how to rinse your mouth properly with mouthwash. These daily steps are crucial in preventing gingivitis and periodontitis.
Gum grafts are a dental procedure in which gum tissue is taken from elsewhere in the mouth, typically the roof of your mouth, to cover an area where the gum has receded. This is done to prevent further gum recession, protect the roots of teeth, cover any exposed bone or tissue, or improve the appearance of the gums.
Successful treatment may also require bone tissue to be transplanted into the oral cavity to help regenerate or strengthen the bone that supports your teeth or your jawbone. It can also be used to create a stable foundation for dental implants. The bone tissue for the graft can come from the patient's own body, a donor, or a synthetic material.
As periodontal disease progresses, teeth may need to be removed. We can then discuss the best tooth replacement options for you. Dental implants are a great, permanent way to improve the strength and appearance of your smile, however, you may need to undergo gum or bone grafts first so the bone around your teeth is strong enough to support the implant. Just note that we do not perform dental implant surgery.